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Determining Optimal Moulding Process Parameters by Two Level Factorial Design with Center Points

Authors:

S Rajalingam ,

School of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, CDT 250, 98009, Miri, Sarawak, MY
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Awang Bono,

Universiti Malaysia Sabah, JalanUMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MY
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Jumat bin Sulaiman

Universiti Malaysia Sabah, JalanUMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, MY
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Abstract

Determining optimal process parameter setting critically influences productivity, quality and cost of production in the injection moulding industry. Previously production engineers used trial and error method to determine optimal process parameter setting. Inappropriate machine parameter settings can cause production and quality problems. In this paper the authors used a case study to investigate the moulding machine parameters which will affect the dimensions (length and width) in a plastic component. The machine process setting in use currently caused variations in the dimensions exceeding the specification limit. Therefore the experiment is needed to identify the optimal machine parameter setting which could be set to maintain the dimensions closest to the target value with smallest possible variation. A design of experiments (two level factorial design with center points) was conducted to study the effect of three injection moulding process parameters (mould temperature, injection speed and injection pressure) versus dimensions (length and width). Finally, the optimal process parameters to maintain the dimensions closest to the target values were identified. Statistical results and analysis are used to provide better interpretation of the experiment. The models are form from ANOVA and the models passed the tests for normality and independence assumptions.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljastats.v12i0.4968

Sri Lankan Journal of Applied Statistics Vol.12 2011 pp.63-81

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljastats.v12i0.4968
How to Cite: Rajalingam, S., Bono, A. & bin Sulaiman, J., (2012). Determining Optimal Moulding Process Parameters by Two Level Factorial Design with Center Points. Sri Lankan Journal of Applied Statistics. 12, pp.63–81. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljastats.v12i0.4968
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Published on 02 Dec 2012.
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